Eric Arthur Blair, better known by his pen name George Orwell, was an English author and journalist. His work is marked by keen intelligence and wit, a profound awareness of social injustice, an intense opposition to totalitarianism, a passion for clarity in language, and a belief in democratic socialism.

In addition to his literary career Orwell served as a police officer with the Indian Imperial Police in Burma from 1922-1927 and fought with the Republicans in the Spanish Civil War from 1936-1937. Orwell was severely wounded when he was shot through his throat. Later the organization that he had joined when he joined the Republican cause, The Workers Party of Marxist Unification (POUM), was painted by the pro-Soviet Communists as a Trotskyist organization (Trotsky was Joseph Stalin’s enemy) and disbanded. Orwell and his wife were accused of “rabid Trotskyism” and tried in absentia in Barcelona, along with other leaders of the POUM, in 1938. However by then they had escaped from Spain and returned to England.

Between 1941 and 1943, Orwell worked on propaganda for the BBC. In 1943, he became literary editor of the Tribune, a weekly left-wing magazine. He was a prolific polemical journalist, article writer, literary critic, reviewer, poet and writer of fiction, and, considered perhaps the twentieth century’s best chronicler of English culture.

Orwell is best known for the dystopian novel Nineteen Eighty-Four (published in 1949) and the satirical novella Animal Farm (1945) — they have together sold more copies than any two books by any other twentieth-century author. His 1938 book Homage to Catalonia, an account of his experiences as a volunteer on the Republican side during the Spanish Civil War, together with numerous essays on politics, literature, language, and culture, are widely acclaimed.

Orwell’s influence on contemporary culture, popular and political, continues decades after his death. Several of his neologisms, along with the term “Orwellian” — now a byword for any oppressive or manipulative social phenomenon opposed to a free society — have entered the vernacular.

If you want a picture of the future, imagine a boot stamping on a human face—for ever.

— George Orwell, 1984

Doublethink means the power of holding two contradictory beliefs in one’s mind simultaneously, and accepting both of them.

— George Orwell, 1984

The most effective way to destroy people is to deny and obliterate their own understanding of their history.

— George Orwell

Until they become conscious they will never rebel, and until after they have rebelled they cannot become conscious.

— George Orwell, 1984

Political language is designed to make lies sound truthful and murder respectable, and to give an appearance of solidity to pure wind.

— George Orwell

All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others.

— George Orwell, Animal Farm

In the face of pain there are no heroes.

— George Orwell, 1984

Every generation imagines itself to be more intelligent than the one that went before it, and wiser than the one that comes after it.

— George Orwell

Perhaps one did not want to be loved so much as to be understood.

— George Orwell, 1984

We shall meet in the place where there is no darkness.

— George Orwell, 1984

Who controls the past controls the future. Who controls the present controls the past.

— George Orwell, 1984

Big Brother is Watching You.

— George Orwell, 1

The best books… are those that tell you what you know already.

— George Orwell, 1984

War is peace.
Freedom is slavery.
Ignorance is strength.

— George Orwell, 1984

But if thought corrupts language, language can also corrupt thought.

— George Orwell, 1984

If liberty means anything at all, it means the right to tell people what they do not want to hear.

— George Orwell

If you loved someone, you loved him, and when you had nothing else to give, you still gave him love.

— George Orwell, 1984

Power is in tearing human minds to pieces and putting them together again in new shapes of your own choosing.

— George Orwell, 1984

Perhaps a lunatic was simply a minority of one.

— George Orwell, 1984

It was a bright cold day in April, and the clocks were striking thirteen.

— George Orwell, 1984

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